Dog - General


average adult size: depends on breed

average life span: 6 to 16 years with proper care, depending on breed

diet: omnivores

Before deciding to purchase a dog, consider adoption! Any decision to add a canine companion to the family
must be carefully researched before a successful adoption can occur.


 These are generalizations only; please research your chosen breed carefully.

Kennel Clubs divides all recognized breeds into groups according to the job for which they were originally developed. Here is a brief overview of each group: (each country can be different)

Sporting dogs - includes Labrador and Golden Retrievers, and Cocker Spaniels - bred to help hunters find, flush and retrieve birds. Tend toward independent thought, high energy.

Hounds - includes Afghans, Beagles, Dachshunds and Greyhounds - also bred for hunting. Use scent or sight
to track and chase prey. Independent, very focused when tracking.

Working dogs - includes Boxers, Dobermans and Rottweilers - bred to work, many excel at police and protection work; others originally use to hunt large prey such as wolves and lions. A well-bred and well-socialized working dog can make a wonderful, loving companion.

Terriers - includes Scottish, West Highland and Bull terriers - bred to chase animals into the burrow and flush them out. work independently, can be quite stubborn for training. 

Toys - includes Toy Poodles, Chihuahuas and Pekingnese - bred primarily to be wonderful companions and watchdogs. Can be rather vocal. Non-sporting - includes Boston

Terriers, Bulldogs, Dalmations and Poodles - miscellaneous group, with a large variety of personalities.

Herding dogs - incudes Collies, German Shepherds and Shetland Sheepdogs - bred for working closely with humans to herd and protect livestock. Very trainable. need lots of exercise and a clearly defined job to keep their minds busy.


• Pack animals by nature, dogs view their human family as part of the pack and should be allowed to interact with
human pack members as much as possible. Choose a dog that matches your housing constraints. Large, active dogs are not suited for apartment living. Provide an indoor crate and properly train your dog on crate use.

• Leaving dogs outdoors unsupervised is not recommended; an appropriate sized fenced yard, weather appropriate shelter, food and water are a must if a dog must be kept outdoors. Tie outs should only be used for temporary arrangements and a tied dog should not be left unattended. normal behavior Dogs are very social and have a specific role within their pack. Some dogs must be kept mentally busy as well as physically active. Other
breeds have been developed almost exclusively as companions. These dogs will not be stars in the obedience
ring, but will happily “hang out” with their family. Most breeds fall somewhere between these extremes.

• Treats should not exceed 10% of total diet.

• Table scraps are not recommended.

• Clean, fresh water, changed daily. 


Things to remember when feeding your dog:

• Feed puppies 3-5 times daily, adult dogs 1-2 times daily. Follow recommendations on manufacturer’s label as a guideline and discuss your pet’s individual needs with your veterinarian. 

• Feed large, deep-chested dogs 2-3 smaller meals a day to help avoid Gastric Dilitation and Volvulus Syndrome, commonly known as bloat, a serious condition that causes food to be trapped in the stomach.

Bath and trim nails as necessary. Shorthaired breeds benefit from weekly brushing; brush longhaired breeds daily. 

Signs of a healthy animal
• Active, alert and sociable
• Eats and drinks regularly
• Clean fur
• Walks normally
• Clear eyes and nose
• No bald patches

Signs of a unhealthy animal
• missing fur
• diarrhea or ditry bottom
• uneven gait
• distressed breathing
• eye or nasal discharge
• weight loss
• lethargic
• excessive thirst