Reptiles - Species Information

 

Here is a list and brief description of some of our Australian reptiles, it is far from complete however it is ones I have come across, kept, breed or researched, these are commony kept reptiles vs information  on reptiles that is rarely found as someones pet. If there is one or more that’s not on here that you want to know about please let me know and I will see what I can find.

 

Centralian Python (Morelia bredli)

This species is usually found in and around the Macdonnell ranges of the Northern Territory in the center of Australia. It inhabits arid desert locations including rocky ranges, log hollows, rock crevices, animal burrows and large trees with watercourses. Centralian pythons are some of the most beautiful pythons in the world. Their magnificent red coloration helps them blend in with their redrock desert habitat. They come from central Australia around the area of Alice Springs. These snakes can usually be found in trees near seasonal watercourses. Centralians are generally mild mannered and even wild caught adults of this species rarely try to bite. They grow to an impressivc 8 feet long and are top preditors in their habitat usually preying on large mammals as adults. Large clutches of eggs have been laid by this species numbering as high as 40 eggs in wild females. Hatchlings Morelia bredli start out dull brown in coloration, but after a year or so develop intense orange and red coloration, brought out especially in natural sunlight. These snakes do well in captivity and make wonderful captives.
 

 

Children's Python (Antarasia childreni)

Children's Pythons are the second smallest python in the world (second to the Ant Hill Python). John Grey named this python after his former mentor and supervisor, John Children. They are native to Northwestern Australia. Their average adult length is 3 feet. When they are young, Chidren's Pythons are generally reddish-brown with dark brown patches or spots. As they age, these patterns fade resulting in a mostly dark brown to black snake with many older snakes showing no pattern at all. They may be found listed under the name Liasis childreni or Antaresia childreni. In most recent literature, they are grouped within the genus Liasis. Children's Pythons are closely related to and strongly resemble Spotted Pythons, Antaresia maculosa and the Blotched Python, Antaresia stimsoni. In many cases, captive Chidren's Pythons and Spotted Pythons have been misidentified and are sold under the wrong name. This makes it difficult to determine whether or not offspring are pure crosses. In the wild, these pythons are known to eat birds, lizards, and occasionally hang from the mouths of caves in order to catch bats in flight. They are also called the faded python due to the reduction of pattern as they mature. They inhabit many different habitats, and because of this adaptability are well suited to do well in captivity. In the wild, children's pythons feed on lizards and frogs when young, and may include some mammalian prey as adults.

 

Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis)

Green Tree Pythons (GTPs) are native to New Guinea, Indonesia and the northern tip of Australia. This species is almost totally arboreal, preferring to coil over a tree branch than rest on the ground. Virtually all activities, from food and water acquisition through breeding and probably egg incubation are accomplished in the treetops.
Unlike most other species of snakes, adult GTPs are quite variable in color. They are generally green, as their name implies, but may also be partially yellow, or blue. The blue adults are extremely rare, and quite prized by breeders. Baby GTPs do not look like the adults, but hatch out yellow, red, or chocolate brown. Between six months and a year of age, they change to the adult color. This transition may take place as quickly as a week, especially with the yellow babies, but many take three months or longer to change. The reason for their juvenile color is not known. As there are no venomous snakes in their range with similar colors, it is not likely that the colors are used for protective mimicry. The reason for the juvenile color variation is also not known, as yellow and chocolate babies look virtually identical as adults. The animals have attained a reputation for being particularly aggressive and vicious captives. Though this may be true of wild-caught animals, GTPs adjust quite well to captivity and are usually quite docile unless provoked. However, their arboreal habits provide birds as a main part of their diet, and the long teeth associated with bird-eating snakes make GTPs bites memorable.
Because of the specialized needs and unique habits of this animal, the Green Tree Python is definitely a species that should be left to experienced hobbyists. But, due to increased success over the past few years, it is felt that the chondropython is not a problem animal to maintain in captivity if its needs are properly addressed. When they were being imported, the animals were brought in by the hundreds, usually arrived in poor condition, and most died in a matter of months. Most Greens around today are captive breed, these superior animals plus increased correspondence between breeders have helped overcome most of the husbandry problems, making the Green Tree python a spectacular and rewarding collection animal.

 

Jungle Carpet Python (Morelia spilotes)

Jungle carpet pythons are some of the most beautiful pythons in the world, and are also fairly easy to keep and breed in captivity. A few simple things must be kept in mind when keeping these pythons, and if their needs are met, then they will produce eggs and live a long healthy life. This is a brief care sheet that covers only the basic needs. It is important to watch your pythons to understand further their needs and wants to keep them healthy. Jungle carpet pythons are part of the Morelia spilotes complex, which can be a big confusing mess when trying to differentiate between subspecies as they are currently classified. Jungle carpet pythons are thought to be a nice color and pattern varient of the coastal carpet python (Morelia spilotes mcdowelli), which is also poorly classified (Barker and Barker, 1995). Jungle carpet pythons live in the subtropical forests of the Atherton Tableland and have a small range. They grow about 6-7 feet in length. Keep in mind their semitropical nature when setting up their enclosure.

 

Diamond Pythons (Morelia spilota )

Diamonds are cold weather pythons, as evidenced by their dark coloration - an adaptation of animals in colder climates, enabling them to absorb heat from the sun quickly and efficiently. That doesn’t mean you have to freeze their tails off, though. Found exclusively in Southeast Australia, the weather gets downright cold during the winter months (our Northern hemisphere summer months) and these snakes are accustomed to hibernating. The colder the winter, the more complete their hibernation. During periods of mild winter weather, diamonds are frequently seen basking on rock ledges, apparently attempting to gain whatever solar radiation they can.

Diamonds are medium-sized when compared to carpet pythons. While exceptions do exist, adult females generally attain an adult length of 6 1/2 to 7 feet, while most males average about a foot shorter. Their color and pattern are somewhat variable, ranging from black and white to black and gold. The latter variation is highly sought by collectors for its obvious beauty. A diamond’s pattern is it’s true mark of excellence. The spots, or rosettes, ideally should be small, measured in scales, and not interconnected. Ideally, rosettes should be between three to seven scales across. The perfect diamond has evenly spaced, small rosettes. Those with connected rosettes, or large blotches instead of small rosettes, are considered to be less attractive by diamond python aficionados. Those with significant variations from this theme are oftentimes referred to as intergrades - which occur naturally where the diamond python range extends North and West into the carpet python’s range. Commercially offered diamonds are sometimes suspect because of the common practice of cross breeding the very beautiful, but mongrel diamondxcarpet morph

 

Inland Carpet Pythons (Morelia spilota metcalfei)
Inland carpet pythons are a subspecies of spilota that range through much of the eastern interior of Australia.  If you are looking for a calm, easy to keep carpet python, then the inland is the snake for you.  They also stay a modest size, can endure temperature extremes, and have attractive patterns, making them an ideal captive.


Jaguar Coastal Carpet Pythons (Morelia spilotes mcdoweli)
Jagurs are one of the coolest carpet python morphs.  There are seemingly endless possibilities of combinations and distinct pattern and color varients with this gene, which makes breeding this morph very exciting. 

 

Pygmy Python (Antaresia perthensis)
The Pygmy or Anthill Python is the smallest python in the world and is found in the deserts of Western Australia.  These pythons are related to childrens, spotteds, and Stimsons pythons, as a member of the genus Antaresia.  These pythons lay relatively few eggs per clutch, which are large for their size.  These are some of the coolest pythons and they are amazing.


Stimson's Pythons (Antaresia stimsoni orientalis)
Stimson's pythons were named after A.F. Stimson of the British Museum.  There are two separate forms in Australia, and we have the Central form, Antaresia stimsoni orientalis.

 

Patternless Spotted Pythons (Antaresia maculosa)
The patternless morph of the spotted python is an extreme version of the granite spotted, and is passed on as a heterozygous trait.  These are solid colored spotteds that are dark brown in color and have no discernable pattern.



Granite Spotted Pythons (Antaresia maculosa)
Stimson's pythons were named after A.F. Stimson of the British Museum.  There are two separate forms in Australia, and we have the Central form, Antaresia stimsoni orientalis.

 

Woma Pythons (Aspidites ramsayi)
Womas are the perfect python.  They are a managable size, have great temperments, are extremely nice to look at, and are hardy; what more could you want in a snake?!  These guys are ravenous feeders and tolerate a wide range of temperatures.

Olive Pythons (Liasis olivaceus)
Olive pythons are the gentle giants of Australia.  These snakes get fairly large, maxing out at over 13 feet.  These snakes range from Western Australia over to Queensland across the top of Australia.  While they lack pattern, they are highly iridescent, displaying beautiful colors in the sunlight

 

Banded Knob-Tail Gecko (Nephrurus wheeleri cinctus)
The banded knob-tail gecko is another rough-skinned Australian gecko, closely related to the rough knob-tail, N. amyae.  They are beautifully colored with light pink/red base color with black bands.  There are two species of N. wheeleri, distinguished from the number of bands transversing their bodies, and by their range in Australia.


Centralian Rough Knob-Tail Gecko (Nephrurus amyae)
These orange-red geckos are the largest, most impressive Australian gecko.  They live in the center of Australia, and are also known as Centralian Rought knobtails.  They are the coolest geckos available in herpetoculture.  They inhabit the dry center of Australia in rocky desert habitats, and are well suited for desert life.

 

Rough Knob-Tail Gecko (Nephrurus asper)
These rough knobs are smaller and monochromatic versions of the amyae.  They come from northern Queensland ranging up into the Cape York peninsula.  These pugnacious geckos are very personable and are very entertaining.

Smooth Knob-Tail Geckos (Nephrurus levis levis)
These are some of the oddest and coolest looking geckos around.  Their huge eyes, knob-tail, and smiling mouth give them quite the look.  These pugnacious geckos are fun to watch and have some great behaviors that will ensure their popularity for years to come.

Pale Knob-Tailed Gecko (Nephrurus laevissimus)
The pale knob-tail gecko is a smooth-skinned species of knobtail that is distributed throughout the harsh interior of Australia in the sandy deserts of Western Australia, Northern Territory, and South Australia. They are dune specialists, and require a sandy substrate into which they can burrow in captivity. These geckos have a very bold pattern and are quite striking with an almost scaleless look to them.


Starred Knob-Tailed Gecko (Nephrurus stellatus)
Further rounding out the knob-tail collection is the less frequently seen Starred knob-tail gecko. This is a colder weather species with split populations in the south of Western Australia between Perth and Kalgoorlie and a larger distribution at the bottom of South Australia. These beautiful geckos were named for the pattern on their dorsum, which is quite beautiful, especially at night. Nephrurus stellatus is another underrepresented gecko.